Children's Services glossary and acronyms
Alternative Complementary Education. ACE is for pupils who can't attend mainstream school for a variety of reasons, such as school exclusion, behaviour issues, short- or long-term illness, school refusal or teenage pregnancy.
Adverse Childhood Experiences
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Alternative Delivery Model
Adoption is a way of providing new families for children who cannot be brought up by their birth parents or within their birth family. The granting of an adoption order transfers all legal responsibility and rights to the adoptive parents. Adoption is a lifelong commitment to the child or children who become a full member of the adoptive family.
Alternative Provision (for children not in mainstream school)
An adoption order grants complete parental responsibility (in summary, who has the legal right to make decisions about the child and their future) to the child's adoptive parents, and removes it from all others, including the child's birth parents and the local authority. An adoption order cannot be applied for until a child has lived with his or her adoptive parents, continuously, for at least ten weeks in England and Wales - though, in reality, most families have the order granted around nine to 12 months after the child moves in. These time limits are for children placed for adoption by agencies, rather than, for example, long-term foster carers who later decide to apply to adopt the child they are fostering.
The point at which a child begins to live with prospective adoptive parents; the period before the adoption is finalised.
ARC Panel is for children and young people cases who are "At Risk of Care"
Autistic Spectrum Condition
Adult Social Care
Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Alternative Service Delivery Vehicle
Adoption Support Fund. The Adoption Support Fund has been set up by the Government to pay for therapeutic services including therapeutic parenting training and intensive family interventions. To access the Fund, the local authority is asked do an assessment of adoption support needs. If the assessment shows that therapeutic services would be beneficial, the local authority can make an application to the Fund.
The expression of distinctive physiological and behavioural characteristics that have a chromosomal or genetic cause
Barnardo's Against Sexual Exploitation
British Sign Language
CARE ACT 2014
The Care Act requires local authorities to help develop a market that delivers a wide range of sustainable high-quality care and support services that will be available to their communities. In current practice, some authorities may wait until people reach the age of 17½ or even 19 to make an assessment, as situations during these years are often subject to change and they want to avoid performing two assessments. The assessment of young people with a life-threatening or life-limiting condition may not happen until they have reached 18 or 19 years old, if at all. Under the Care Act this will not be routinely acceptable. However, unless a young person or carer is identified early enough and assessed, the authority may be falling short in their duty in relation to 'significant benefit'.
Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services. Plymouth has community Camhs and dedicated Children in Care Camhs.
Children with Additional Needs Service
Conditional Cautioning and Relationship Abuse
Children At Risk Assessment
A person who provides unpaid support to a partner, family member, friend or neighbour who is ill, struggling or has a disability. This does not include paid carers (care workers), who are included in the definition of staff.
Social Care Information System. Records key information about children and young people, including any assessments and placement addresses.
Care Leavers - Staying Put
From the age of eighteen young people are no longer legally 'in care' or 'looked after' and therefore fostering arrangements and legislation relating to children placed with foster carers no longer applies. In circumstances where a young person remains with their former foster carer/s after their eighteenth birthday, the arrangement becomes a "Staying Put" arrangement. The term 'arrangement' should be used rather than placement; the term 'placement' denotes a situation where the local authority arranged and placed the child with a foster carer. Once the child reaches the age of eighteen and legal adulthood, the local authority is no longer making a placement, but facilitating a "Staying Put" arrangement for the young person.
Care Leavers - Supported Lodgings
Supported Lodgings look very similar to foster placements but aren't covered by regulation. A young person over the age of 16 lives with a "host" in their home, in the style of a lodger. The host will provide support for the young person, but isn't expected to provide transport, pocket money, clothing etc. The host often helps with providing food or sharing meals with the young person.
Care Leavers - Supported Accommodation
A type of placement, often in a shared house, with staff on site either 24 hours or on a drop-in basis. The young person must be aged 16 or older. This type of provision may be regulated by the CQC (for adults with complex needs including personal care requirements), but is often unregulated.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
CiC - Children in Care (Looked After Children)
A child who is being looked after by their local authority is known as a child in care, looked after child or child looked after.
Children and Young People
Children Young People and Families Service
Clinical Commissioning Group
Consultant Community Pediatrician
Child Development Centre
Child Death Review
Child Death Review Partners
Careers Education, Information, Advice and Guidance
Continuing Healthcare Check - The National Framework for NHS continuing healthcare and the supporting guidance and tools should be used to determine what ongoing care services people aged 18 years or over should receive from the NHS. The continuing healthcare checklist for funding and free care for those young people who have ongoing complex medical health needs. The CHC process is administered by the CCG.
Children in Need (also refers to young people in need) - where there is a probability of entry into the care system or probability that without intervention, it is assessed as more, rather than less likely.
Communication and Interaction
Cognition and Learning
Complex Learning Difficulties
Children Missing from Education
Agencies working together in a wide variety of different ways to pursue a common goal while also pursuing their own organisational goals
Informal relationships between organisations designed to ensure that organisations can pursue their own goals more effectively
More formal mechanisms to ensure that organisations take account of each other's strategies and activities in their own planning
Contact between a child and another person or persons including the Child's parents as defined in Section 34 of the Children Act
All children in care are required to have a Care Plan, which is completed by the social worker prior to or soon after coming into the care of the Council. This sets out how the child or young person's needs are to be met, including care, education and health arrangements. The Care Plan is reviewed via statutory reviews or after a significant change in circumstances such as an unplanned placement move.
Continuous Professional Development
Agencies working together on areas that extends beyond the scope of any one agency or geography
Cross-cutting issues are those that are not the "property" of a single organisation or agency. Examples include: social inclusion, improving health, urban regeneration
Community Rehabilitation Companies
Children's Resource Panel. A weekly meeting chaired by Children's Social Care to consider the resources needed by children and young people either in or on the edge of care.
Childs Sexual Abuse
Children's Social Care
Child Sexual Exploitation
Children's System Improvement Board
Children's Social Worker
Director of Children's Services
Disability Discrimination Act - Repealed and replaced by the Equality Act 2010
Department for Education
Designated Health Officer
Disability Living Allowance
Department of Health
Devon Information and Service for SEND
Disabled Student Allowance
Dedicated Schools Grant
Drug Use Screening tool
Department for Work and Pensions
More usually called Early Help
A phrase used to describe the initial years of a child's life
Emergency Care Improvement Programme. The Emergency Care Improvement Programme (ECIP) is a clinically led programme that offers intensive practical help and support to 40 urgent and emergency care systems across England leading to safer, faster and better care for patients.
Education Employment and Training
Early Help Assessment Tool
Education, Health andCare
Education, Health andCare Plan. EHCP's replaced Statements for children and young people with additional needs under the Children and Families Act 2014.
Elective Home Education
Early Help and Targeted Support offer
Emotional Health and Wellbeing
Employment for carers
Education Other Than School
Education Psychology Service
Education, Participation and Skills
Education Skills Funding Agency
Education Service Grant
English for Speakers of Other Languages
Early Years Foundation Stage
Education Welfare Officer
The ability to express thoughts, feelings and needs verbally (using words and sentences) and nonverbally (for example, using gestures, facial expressions, gaze, signing and other methods that supplement or replace speech or writing).
External Residential Parent and Child Placement
Parent and child placements are a specialist type of fostering where a young parent, usually a mother and baby, stays in a residential placement to receive extra support
Fair Access to Short Breaks
Family Assessment and Support Service
Frequently Asked Questions
Functional Family Therapy
Family Group Conferencing
Family Intervention Project
Family Nurse Partnership
Full-time equivalent (FTE) or whole time equivalent (WTE) is a unit that indicates the workload of an employed person (or student) in a way that makes workloads or class loads comparable across various contexts. FTE is often used to measure a worker's or student's involvement in a project, or to track cost reductions in an organisation. An FTE of 1.0 is equivalent to a full-time worker or student, while an FTE of 0.5 signals half of a full work or school load.
An assessment of the function of behaviour that challenges, including functional analyses and other methods of assessing behavioural functions.
Families with a Future (Troubled Families programme)
High Needs Funding
High needs funding is intended to provide the most appropriate support package for an individual with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) in a range of settings, taking account of parental and student choice, whilst avoiding perverse incentives to over-identify high needs pupils and students. It is also intended to support good quality alternative provision for pupils who cannot receive their education in schools
Integration and coordination at all levels and in relation to all aspects of policy-related activity - policy-making, regulation, service provision and scrutiny; mutually reinforcing means and objectives
Healthy Relationships (also known as Empower Plymouth)
Harmful Sexual Behaviour
Information and Advice
Improving Access to Psychological Therapies
Information, Advice and Guidance
In Accordance With
Inclusion Attendance and Welfare Team
Integrated Children's Services
Information, Communication Technology
Individual Education Plan
Independent Fostering Agency -An Independent Fostering Agency (IFA) are used by local authorities to provide suitable families for looked after children. IFAs play a vital role in providing much-needed placements for young people. To ensure the provision of the highest quality care, foster care agencies are subject to strict regulations and Ofsted inspection.
Intensive Family Prevention Service
Integrated Health and Wellbeing
In-House Foster Care
Foster Care provider by PCC, through its own Fostering Agency
In-House Parent and Child Placement
Parent and Child Placement provided by PCC, through its own Fostering Agency
Inspection of Local Authority Children's Services
Agencies working together within a single, often new, organisational structure
More than one agency working together in a planned and formal way
Independent Reviewing Officer
Independent Travel Training
Deliberate and co-ordinated planning and working which takes account of different policies and varying agency practice and values. This can refer to thinking or to practice or policy development
Joint Funding Panel
A panel consisting of Social Care, Education and Health representatives who meet to consider shared funding arrangements for placements for children and young people with complex additional needs, usually children with EHCP's and/or complex health needs. Meets monthly.
Professionals from more than one agency working directly together on a project
Joint Strategic Needs Analysis
Joint Targeted Area Inspection
Key Stage 1 (School years: Reception, Y1, Y2)
Key Stage 2 (School years: Y3, Y4, Y5, Y6)
Key Stage 3 (School years: Y7, Y8, Y9)
Key Stage 4 (School years: Y10, Y11)
Looked After Children - A child is looked after by a local authority if he or she has been provided with accommodation for a continuous period of more than 24 hours, in the circumstances set out in sections 20 and 21 of the Children Act 1989, or is placed in the care of a local authority by virtue of an order made under part IV of the Act
Local Care Partnership
Learning Disability Assessment
Learning and Development Partnership
Local Education Partnership
Local Enterprise Partnership
Local Government Ombudsman
Learning Support Assistant
Local Safeguarding Partnership
University of St. Mark's and St. John's
Multi-Agency Support Team
Making Every Adult Matter
Maternity and Early Years System Optimisation Group
Mockingbird Family Model -is an innovative method of delivering foster care using an extended family model which provides respite care, peer support, regular joint planning and training, and social activities. The programme improves the stability of fostering placements and strengthens the relationships between carers, children and young people, fostering services and birth families.
Ministry of Housing Communities and Local Government
Moderate Learning Difficulties
Multi Systemic Therapy
Multi Systemic Therapy for Child Abuse and Neglect
More than one agency working together; services are provided by agencies acting in concert and drawing on pooled resources or a pooled budget, e.g. Youth offending teams
Working together of staff with different professional backgrounds and training
Not in Education, Employment or Training
Informal contact and communication between individuals and agencies
NEW Devon CCG
North, East and Western Devon Clinical Commissioning Group
National Health Service
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
National Probation Service
Newly Qualified Teacher
Out of Hours
Office of the Police and Crime Commissioner
One System One Aim
Playfulness, acceptance, curiosity and empathy. PACE is a way of thinking, feeling, communicating and behaving that aims to make the child feel safe. It is based upon how parents connect with their very young infants. As with young toddlers, with safety the child can begin to explore.
Plymouth Assessment Framework and Thresholds Guidance Document
All young people over 16 in care are required to have a Pathway Plan which sets out the plan for their progress towards adulthood. These are reviewed via statutory reviews or after a significant change in circumstances such as an unplanned placement move.
Plymouth City Council
Plymouth Community Housing
Plymouth Children's Safeguarding Board
Plymouth Domestic Abuse Service
Project Delivery Group
Personal Education Plan
Preparing for Adulthood
Plymouth Information Advice and Support for SEND
Plymouth Integrated Commissioning Board
All children in care are required to have a Placement Plan completed before their placement begins or within five working days. This sets out the requirements of the placement in meeting the needs of the child or young person and other information to support the placement.
Plymouth Learning Partnership
Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties
Plymouth Neighbourhood and Communities Network
Plymouth Online Directory
Plymouth Octopus Project
Parent Partnership Service
Where services or interventions are intended to build skills and resilience and thus prevent problems arising. Prevention includes advice, support and anticipatory guidance at key life stages or transitions. This is a key role for universal services.
Plymouth Safeguarding Children's Board
Primary Support Partnership
Parent Under Pressure (parenting programme)
The pupil premium is additional funding for publicly funded schools in England to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils of all abilities and to close the gaps between them and their peers.
Private Voluntary and Independent
Quality Assurance and Improvement Team
Resource Allocation Moderation
Any strategy used to make a situation or a person safe when they behave in a way that challenges. This includes procedures for increasing personal space, disengagement from grabs and holds, pro re nata (p.r.n.) (as-needed) medication and more restrictive interventions
This is the missing young person and exploitation team who complete the return home interviews
The ability to understand or comprehend language (either spoken or written) or other means of communication (for example, through signing and other methods that supplement or replace speech or writing)
A suitably qualified and experienced manager of children's home. The Registered Manager is responsible for the day to day operation of the home.
An event or situation that is dependent on a behaviour and increases the likelihood of that behaviour happening again
When parents are separating, divorcing or applying for civil partnership dissolution and can't agree on arrangements for their children, they can turn to the courts for help. The family courts can issue a contact or residence order that will determine visiting rights and where the child will live
Acts on behalf of a children's home provider to ensure that the legal responsibilities are carried out. The RI is accountable for ensuring the effectiveness of the Registered Manager and the quality of the care.
Interventions that may infringe a person's human rights and freedom of movement, including locking doors, preventing a person from entering certain areas of the living space, seclusion, manual and mechanical restraint, rapid tranquillisation and long-term sedation
Regional Schools Commissioner
Referral to Treatment Time
Speech and Language also known as SALT (SAL Therapist)
Speech and Language Therapy
Sexual Assault Referral Centre
Serious Case Review
System Design Group. The Children and Young People's Partnership System Design Group replaced the Children's Trust and consists of system leaders and partners who meet to maintain system oversight and challenge. The CYPPSDG oversees the work of the children and young people System Optimisation Groups (SOG's). The CYPPSDG reports to the Health and Wellbeing Board.
Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
When a person intentionally harms themselves, which can include cutting and self-poisoning. It may be an attempt at suicide
Frequently repeated, self-inflicted behaviour, such as people hitting their head or biting themselves, which can lead to tissue damage. This behaviour is usually shown by people with a severe learning disability. It may indicate pain or distress, or it may have another purpose, such as the person using it to communicate
Social Emotional and Mental Health
Special Education Need
Special Education Need and Disability
Special Education Needs and Disability Coordinator
Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal
Special Guardianship Order - An SGO is an order appointing one or more individuals to be a child's 'special guardian'. It is a private law order made under the Children Act 1989 and is intended for those children who cannot live with their birth parents and who would benefit from a legally secure placement.
Special Heads Association of Devon
Special Heads Association of Plymouth
Short breaks is the term used for a range of services provided for families to give carers of disabled children, and looked after children and young people, a break from caring, and for children to take part in fun activities and have new experiences that promote positive outcomes.
Social Work Assessment
Speech, Language and Communications Need
Severe Learning Difficulty
Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time Limited (targets)
Single Multi-Agency Panel considers requests for additional education support
Subject Matter Expert
System Optimisation Group. Three SOG's report into the CYP SDG: Vulnerable children and young people SOG, Maternity and Early Years SOG and SEND Steering Group.
Single Point of Access
Are in addition to the universal and targeted offer for those children and young people who require a highly individualised and personalised programme of work. This group includes children with complex learning and communication needs and those children who are cognitively able and have specific speech, language or communication needs.
Sensory Processing Disorder
Specific Learning Difficulty
Single Point Of Contact
Sub-Regional Improvement Board
Senior Responsible Officer
SEND Steering Group
Strategic School Improvement Fund
Professionals, semi-professionals and practitioners, including those working in community teams for adults or children (such as psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, speech and language therapists, nurses, behavioural analysts, occupational therapists, physiotherapists), paid carers (care workers) in a variety of settings (including residential homes, supported living settings and day services), educational staff
Science Technology Engineering and Maths
Repeated behaviours, such as rocking or hand flapping, that may appear to have no obvious function but often serve a purpose for the person (for example, to provide sensory stimulation or indicate distress or discomfort).
Devon Sustainability and Transformation Plan
A research project on community cohesion in north prospect
Group Task and Finish Group
Team Around the Child
Team Around the Family
Team Around Me
Offer specific support for those children and young people who are felt to be vulnerable in relation to speech, language and communication. The group is wide-ranging and includes children with delayed language and communication skills who following targeted intervention will return to the universal tier, through to identification of children who may go on to have more persistent needs. This level includes small group and individual targeted intervention approaches such as language groups, narrative groups, social communication skills programmes and phonology programmes.
To Be Confirmed
Troubled Families (programme)
Together for Childhood
Teacher of the Deaf
Detailed advice and guidance on how to deliver an intervention, including its content, duration and frequency. A treatment manual may also include materials to support the delivery of the intervention for staff and people receiving the intervention.
Time To Be Confirmed
UHPNT (UHP for short)
University Hospital Plymouth NHS Trust
Support the whole population, i.e. whole class or whole setting/ school and ensure all children have appropriate language and communication opportunities. This level includes workforce development, access to appropriate information, creating communication friendly environments and whole class/setting/school intervention approaches.
Unique Pupil Number
Voluntary and Community Sector
Vulnerable Children and Young People's System Optimisation Group (see SOG)
Vulnerability Screening Tool
Virtual School Head
Whole Time Equivalent
Working Together to Safeguard Children
Young Offenders Institute
Youth Offending Team