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Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear, that can be mild or severe.


Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint. It affects people of all ages, including children.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural disorder that includes symptoms such as inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.


Autism is a different way of thinking and feeling. It affects how you experience the world around you.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one extreme to another.

Blindness and vision impairments

If you're blind or partially sighted, you may be referred to a specialist low-vision clinic, which is often located within a hospital.


Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue, including organs.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is the name for a group of lifelong conditions that affect movement and co-ordination, caused by a problem with the brain that occurs before, during or soon after birth.


Chickenpox is common and mostly affects children, although you can get it at any age. It usually gets better by itself within a week without needing to see a GP.


Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the UK.

Cold and flu

You can often treat a cold without seeing your GP. You should begin to feel better in about a week or two.


Condoms are the only type of contraception that can both prevent pregnancy and protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Deafness and hearing loss

Hearing loss can be temporary or permanent. It often comes on gradually as you get older, but it can sometimes happen suddenly.


Depression is more than simply feeling unhappy or fed up for a few days.

Depression in children and teenagers

Depression doesn't just affect adults. Children and teenagers can get depressed too.


Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high.

Down's syndrome

Down's syndrome, also known as Down syndrome or trisomy 21, is a condition you're born with. Most people who have Down's syndrome lead healthy and fulfilled lives.

Dysarthria (difficulty speaking)

Dysarthria is difficulty speaking caused by brain damage or brain changes later in life.


Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that can cause problems with reading, writing and spelling.


Epilepsy is a common condition that affects the brain and causes frequent seizures.

Glue ear

Glue ear is where the empty middle part of the ear canal fills up with fluid. This can cause temporary hearing loss.

Hay fever

Hay fever is usually worse between late March and September, especially when it's warm, humid and windy.


Hypermobility means your joints are more flexible than other people's (you may think of yourself as being double jointed). When this causes pain, it might be joint hypermobility syndrome.

Itchy bottom

You can often do simple things yourself to ease an itchy bottom (anus). See a GP if the itching doesn't stop.

Learning disabilities

A learning disability affects the way a person learns new things throughout their lifetime.

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