Graduated approach to inclusion - SENCO Guide
- What is a graduated approach?
- The graduated approach framework
- Plymouth's multi-agency approach
- Who is considered a professional?
- Local support services
- Parent/carer video explaining The Graduated Approach and Local Offer
The Plymouth Graduated Approach to Inclusion Framework is an electronic tool to support teachers and school leaders to identify, assess and record the needs of children and young people requiring additional or special educational provision.
This framework is designed to support the identification, planning and recording of appropriate support and provides guidance to help review progress.
The framework provides a structure to enable the effective use of Plymouth's Local Offer. The Local Offer provides children and young people with special educational needs or disabilities, families and professionals, with information in one place, helping them to understand what services they can expect from a range of local agencies (including their entitlements).
The Local Offer covers provision for children and young people from birth to 25 and includes information about education, health and social care services.
This framework is split into two parts:
- Part 1 supports schools and settings with the identification of vulnerable pupils and those pupils with special educational needs.
- Part 2 supports schools in planning to meet the needs identified in part one, signposts to appropriate resources and websites.
What is the framework designed to do?
The framework is designed to help educational settings understand and meet their duties across a range of legislation and guidance. It also helps to support families and young people to understand how educational settings offer support.
The framework helps school staff, particularly SENCOs, leadership teams and class teachers, understand the common approach to meeting needs across the city. It also helps to support professionals in health, care and the voluntary sector to sign-post families and young people to the support they need.
How the framework works
In Plymouth, we have built on the SEND Pathway of Support and the wider early help continuum to develop one, integrated, holistic graduated approach which is captured in the Early Help Assessment Tool (EHAT). This pathway will enable practitioners to work with children, young people and their families ensuring they receive the right support when they need it most.
For children with SEND the assess, plan, do and review process to meet their needs may be used to inform the EHAT process.
Many learners have needs spanning more than one category and certain conditions may not fall neatly into one area of need. Guidance to help with assessing special educational needs and managing provision is divided into three levels:
Some learners will need assessment and advice from a range of professionals.
Schools should consider involving specialists, including those secured by the school itself or from outside agencies (Code of Practice 6.58).
A school should always consider involving professionals where a learner continues to make little or no progress, or where they continue to work at levels substantially below those expected, despite evidence-based SEN support delivered by appropriately trained staff.
This way of working is referred to as a multi-agency approach and is usually coordinated by the SENCO.
Professionals may include, but are not limited to:
- specialist teachers or support workers, for example, teachers with a mandatory qualification for children with hearing and/or visual impairment
- educational psychologists
- Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS) professionals
- therapists, including speech and language therapists, occupational therapists and physiotherapists
- a range of medical professionals, for example, paediatricians
- social workers in appropriate cases
In Plymouth advice and consultation as part of the free local offer is available from, but not limited to, the following Services.
- Plymouth Children's Early Help Team, Plymouth Safeguarding Children Partnership and SEND helpline for advice and consultation around early help assessment working together to provide integrated multi-agency support
- Inclusion Attendance and Welfare Service
- Early Years Inclusion Service
- Educational Psychology Service
- Communication and Interaction Team
- Sensory Support Team - Hearing and Visual impairment
- SEND Occupational Therapy Team
- Short Breaks for Disabled Children
- Virtual School for Looked After Children
- Woodlands School - Outreach for pupils with complex physical disabilities
- CAMHS Child and Adolescent Mental Health: specialist services and support workers in schools
- School Nursing Service
- Speech and Language Therapy Service
Outreach from Plymouth Special schools
- Courtlands School and ACE (Transforming Futures MAT) (commissioned from the provider)
- Quay Partnership Plymouth - Plymouth Online Directory outreach offer from Plymouth Special Schools (commissioned from the Providers)
- The School Special Educational Needs Coordinator (SENCO) Guide
- Using the graduated approach framework
- Plan and review
- Cognition and learning organisations, links and resources
- Communication and Interaction organisations, links and resources
- SEMH organisations links and resources
- Sensory, physical and medical needs organisations, links and resources
- SEND organisations, links and resources
- Frequently asked questions
Plymouth's Local Offer is organised into four main categories covering the following age ranges:
- Early years (0 to 5 years old)
- Primary (5 to 11 years old)
- Secondary (11 to 18 years old)
- Preparing for adulthood
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